The discovery of cannabis’s medical properties can be traced back thousands of years, back to when its primary consumption was through eating the seeds for its high nutritional value. The seeds from inside the feminine flowers, their pollination referring to what we know as the buds. The buds hold the richest source of psychoactive and medically valuable cannabinoids.

About 2,800 B.C., a Chinese emperor who fathered a myriad of traditional Chinese medicines, praised cannabis as one its most valuable medicinal remedies. The flowers were used to overcome yin, rheumatism, malaria, constipation, memory loss, as well as menstrual cycle problems. In the second century, famous surgeon Hua To used a mixture of hemp resin and wine to compose anesthesia, performing complicated surgeries. References have been made to “kannabis” by the ancient Greeks. In 400 B.C., its use was documented for back pain, and in 70 A.C, Greek doctor Discordes wrote a book registering 600 plants, one of them being Cannabis Sativa L. Probably, the medical properties of cannabis were discovered when processing and consuming the seeds.

In 1621, Robert Burton suggested cannabis as an effective treatment for depression. In 1814, Nicholas Culpepper published a book that registered the medical uses of cannabis. He included ancient uses for cannabis as well as recent ones such as alleviating cramps, reduce head inflammation, and alleviating joint pain. Culpepper also believed that cannabis could be added as an ointment for the treatment of burns. With the augment of marijuana consumption among the youth during the 60’s, scientific research emerged. Its appearance became prevalent for chemotherapy and AIDS. After California and Arizona had legalized medical marijuana, President Clinton made an investment of $1 million to review the investigation done by the Institute of Medicine.

As a result, in 1999, a report was published where authors informed about the possible therapeutic value of the cannabinoids. Although all the possible benefits were not mentioned in this report, it had led to the final acknowledgment of cannabis as a medical resource.

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