Form 10-Q/A for TAURIGA SCIENCES, INC.
We are a Florida corporation formed on April 8, 2001. We were originally organized to be a blank check company.
On June 8, 2009, the Board of Directors approved the change of name to “Novo Energies Corporation”. As described in a report filed with the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission on June 26, 2009, a majority of shareholders executed a written consent in lieu of an Annual Meeting (the “Written Consent”) effecting the change of the name of our business from “Atlantic Wine Agencies, Inc.” to “Novo Energies Corporation” on June 8, 2009 to better reflect what we then intended to be our future operations. We filed an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation on June 8, 2009 with the Florida Secretary of State to affect this name change after receiving the requisite corporate approval.
On June 23, 2009, the Board of Directors approved a 3-for-1 forward stock split. Accordingly, all share and per share amounts have been retroactively adjusted in the accompanying financial statements.
On July 30, 2009, Novo Energies Corporation (“Novo”) formed a wholly-owned subsidiary, WTL Renewable Energy, Inc. (“WTL”). WTL was established as a Canadian Federal Corporation whose business is to initially research available technologies capable of transforming plastic and tires into useful energy commodities. Simultaneously, WTL also intended to plan, build, own, and operate renewable energy plants throughout Canada utilizing a third party technology and using plastic and tire waste as feedstock. On May 8, 2012, the name was changed to Immunovative Canada, Inc.
On May 17, 2011, Novo entered into an exclusive memorandum of understanding with Immunovative Clinical Research, Inc. (“ICRI”), a Nevada corporation and wholly-owned subsidiary of Immunovative Therapies, Ltd. (“ITL”), an Israeli corporation pursuant to which the Company and ICRI intended to pursue a merger resulting in Novo owning ICRI.
In April 2012, the Board of Directors approved the change of name to “Immunovative, Inc.” As described in a report filed with the United States (“U.S.”) Securities and Exchange Commission on April 30, 2012, a majority of shareholders executed a written consent in lieu of an Annual Meeting (the “Written Consent”) effecting the change of the name of our business from “Novo Energies Corporation” to “Immunovative, Inc.” on April 2, 2012 to better reflect what we then intended to be our future operations. We filed an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation on April 30, 2012 with the Florida Secretary of State to affect this name change after receiving the requisite corporate approval.
On January 8, 2013, the Company received from ITL, a notice by which ITL purported to terminate the License Agreement dated December 9, 2011 between the Company and ITL (the “ITL Notice”), along with alleged damages. It is the Company’s position that ITL breached the License Agreement by delivering the ITL Notice and, that prior to the ITL Notice, the License Agreement was in full force and, on January 17, 2013 and that the Company had complied in all material respect with the License Agreement therefore the Company believes that there are no damages to ITL. As such, on January 17, 2013, the Company filed a lawsuit against ITL, which included the request for various injunctive relief against ITL for damages stemming from this breach.
On February 19, 2013, the Company and ITL entered into a settlement agreement whereby the parties have agreed to the following: (1) the Company will submit a letter to the Court advising the Court that the parties have reached a settlement and that the Company is withdrawing its motion, (2) ITL will pay the Company $20,000, (3) ITL will issue to the Company, ITL’s share capital equivalent to 9% of the issued and outstanding shares of ITL, (4) the Company will change its name and (5) the settling parties agree that the license agreement will be terminated.
On March 13, 2013, the Board of Directors approved the change of name to “Tauriga Sciences, Inc.” from “Immunovative, Inc.” We filed an amendment to our Articles of Incorporation on March 13, 2013 with the Florida Secretary of State to affect this name change after receiving the requisite corporate approval. The Company’s symbol change to “TAUG” was approved by FINRA effective April 9, 2013.
In March 2013, the Company signed a Memorandum of Understanding (“Marvanal MOU”) with Marvanal, Inc. (“Marvanal”), a company who is an approved vendor with the State of Connecticut public school food lunch program (“CT Food Program”). Marvanal’s lactose-free dairy products are authorized for the 2012-2013 CT Food Program and is currently developing a comprehensive line of dairy products utilizing a specific food-protein concentration-based technology. The Marvanal MOU was for the Company to acquire the exclusive marketing rights within the State of New York for Marvanal’s lactose-free, dairy product line. The Company is not pursuing the Marvanal MOU.
In May 2013, the Company signed a Memorandum of Understanding (“Constellation MOU”) with Constellation Diagnostics, Inc. (“Constellation”). Constellation is a developer of camera-based technology with the goal of preventing skin cancer through early detection. Under the terms of the Constellation MOU, the Company and Constellation will establish a joint venture partnership to develop and commercialize a novel, imaging-based diagnostic technology for use in predictive and preventative oncology. Constellation has already begun product development in collaboration with professors at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (“MIT”) and Harvard University. The Company made an initial investment in Constellation of $100,000 for a 2% equity stake. The Constellation MOU provides the potential of the Company earning an equity stake in Constellation of up to 35% with up to $1,000,000 in investments.
On May 31, 2013, the Company signed a Licensing Agreement with Green Hygienics, Inc. (“GHI”) to enable the Company on an exclusive basis for North America, to market and sell 100% tree-free, bamboo-based, biodegradable, hospital grade wipes, as well as other similar products.
On October 29, 2013, the Company entered into a strategic alliance agreement with Bacterial Robotics, LLC (Bacterial Robotics), hereinafter referred to as the “Parties”. Bacterial Robotics owns certain patents and/or other intellectual property related to the development of genetically modified micro-organisms (GMOs) and GMOs tailored to perform one of more specific functions, one such GMO being adopted to clean polluting molecules from wastewater, such GMO being referred to herein as the existing BoctoBot Technology (the BR Technology). Bacterial Robotics is developing a whitepaper to deliver to the Company for acceptance. Upon acceptance by the Company, the Parties will form a strategic relationship through the formation of a joint venture in which the Company will be the majority and controlling owner which will use the NuclearBot Technology to further the growth of the nuclear wastewater treatment market. The intent is for Bacterial Robotics to issue a 10 year license agreement.
On November 25, 2013, the Company executed a definitive agreement to acquire Pilus, a developer of alternative cleantech energy platforms using proprietary microbial solutions that creates electricity while consuming polluting molecules from wastewater (The wastewater is a $10 billion industry). Pilus is converging digester, fermenter, scrubber, and other proven technologies into a scalable Electrogenic Bioreactor (“EBR”) platform. This transformative technology is the basis of the Pilus Cell�. The EBR harnesses genetically enhanced bacteria, also known as bacterial robots, or BactoBots�, that remediate water, harvest direct current (“DC”) electricity, and produce economically important gases. The EBR accomplishes this through bacterial metabolism, specifically cellular respiration of nearly four hundred carbon and nitrogen molecules. Pilus’ highly metabolic bacteria are non-pathogenic. Because of the mediated biofilm formation, these wastewater-to-value BactoBots resist heavy metal poisoning, swings of pH, and survive in a 4-to-45 degree Celsius temperature range. Additionally, the BactoBots are anaerobically and aerobically active, even with low BOD/COD. On January 28, 2014, the acquisition was completed. Pilus will operate as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. As a condition of the acquisition, Pilus will get one seat on the board of directors, and the shareholders of Pilus will receive 100,000,000 shares of common stock of the Company, which represented a fair market value of approximately $2,000,000. In addition, the Company paid Bacterial Robotics, LLC (“BRLLC”), formerly the parent company of Pilus, $50,000 at closing. In total, the Company paid BRLLC $125,000, which is inclusive of fees contractually owed for strategic alliance, definitive agreement, and the completion of Pilus.
The Company has signed Memorandum of Understandings (“MOU”) and/or Letter of Intents (“LOI”) with various groups and/or companies and is currently negotiating for completion of the respective agreements to include one or more operations into the Company. These MOUs and/or LOIs have all been released as public information through a Form 8-K and/or a press release. There are no guarantees that the outstanding MOUs and/or LOIs will be finalized.
The following Management Discussion and Analysis should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in this Form 10-Q.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to the three months ended December 31, 2012
Revenue. The Company is currently developing its business, and as a result has no products or services to offer and no revenues.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. For the three months ended December 31, 2013, selling, general and administrative expenses were $1,162,138 compared to $2,703,686 for the same period in 2012.
Impairment of advances to Immunovative Therapies, Ltd. for future stock ownership. For the three months ended December 31, 2013, the impairment expense was $0 compared to $885,000 for the same period in 2012. The Company, under the license agreement with Immunovative Therapies, Ltd., advanced funding to facilitate research and development. The Company impaired the advances as the value was undeterminable at the time.
Other income (expense) decreased $266,536 compared to $3,410 for the three months ended December 31, 2013, as result of an increase in interest expense of $104,473, offset by a gain in the change of the derivative liability.
Net Loss. We generated net losses of $924,269 for the three months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $3,592,683 for the same period in 2012, a decrease of 74.3%.
Nine months ended December 31, 2013 compared to the nine months ended December 31, 2012
Revenue. The Company is currently developing its business, and as a result has no products or services to offer and no revenues.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses. For the nine months ended December 31, 2013, selling, general and administrative expenses were $4,460,880 compared to $5,479,420 for the same period in 2012. The expense for 2013 is primarily composed of a stock-based compensation ($3,101,043), accounting fees ($103,015), legal fees ($207,748), and consulting fees ($272,568).
Impairment of advances to Immunovative Therapies, Ltd. for future stock ownership. For the nine months ended December 31, 2013, the impairment expense was $0 compared to $2,714,049 for the same period in 2012. The Company, under the license agreement with Immunovative Therapies, Ltd., advanced funding to facilitate research and development. The Company impaired the advances as the value was undeterminable at the time.
Other income (expense) decreased $245,407 compared to $5,922 for the nine months ended December 31, 2013, as result of an increase in interest expense of $291,088, a loss on conversion of debt of $321,000 offset by change in the derivative liability of $435,256.
Net Loss. We generated net losses of $4,760,293 for the nine months ended December 31, 2013 compared to $8,207,636 for the same period in 2012, a decrease of 33.2%.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We continue to fund our operations through private placement offerings and other financings.
During the nine months ending December 31, 2013, the Company sold 4,569,248 shares of common stock for a total of $141,350.
During the nine months ending December 31, 2013, the Company issued Convertible Notes aggregating $1,515,138.
At December 31, 2013, we had cash and cash equivalents of $67,628 compared to $143,034 at March 31, 2013.
Net cash used in operating activities amounted to $4,885,906 for the period from December 12, 2011 (inception of Development Stage) to December 31, 2013. Net cash used in operating activities for the nine months ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 was $1,505,163 and $2,519,916, respectively.
During the nine months ended December 31, 2013, we used $243,884 in investing activities, primarily the acquisition of the license agreement.
During the nine months ended December 31, 2012, we used $2,675,883 in investing activities primarily related to the advances to Immunovative Therapies Ltd., for future stock ownership.
During the period from inception December 12, 2011 (inception of the Development Stage) to December 31, 2013, we generated $8,548,506 net of $643,956 in cash paid for commission and issued 5,335,000 shares of the common stock for commission paid with stock.
During the nine months ended December 31, 2013, we generated cash from financing activates of $1,656,488 primarily from the sale of common stock. During the nine months ended December 31, 2012, we generated cash from financing activities of $4,644,803 primarily from the sale of common stock.
We do not believe that our cash on hand at December 31, 2013 will be sufficient to fund our license agreement requirements if all the conditions of the license agreement required of the licensor are met. We will continue to seek additional equity financing. However, there is no assurance that we will be successful in our equity private placements.
Going Concern Qualifications
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company had no revenue and net losses of $4,760,293 for the period ended December 31, 2013 compared to sales of $0 and net loss of $8,207,636 for the nine months ended December 31, 2012. As discussed in Note 1 to the financial statements, since inception of the Development Stage (December 12, 2011) the Company had losses of $20,501,968 and there are existing uncertain conditions which the Company faces relative to its obtaining financing and capital in the equity markets. These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The Company had working capital deficit and accumulated deficit during the development stage of $1,975,918 and $20,501,968 respectively, at December 31, 2013, and used cash in operations of $1,505,163 in the nine months ended December 31, 2013. The Company is highly dependent on its ability to continue to obtain investment capital from future funding opportunities to fund the current and planned operating levels. The unaudited consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or the amounts and classification of liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern. The Company’s continuation as a going concern is dependent upon its ability to bring in income generating activities and its ability to continue receiving investment capital from future funding opportunities. No assurance can be given that the Company will be successful in these efforts.