NEW MJ NEWS

SNDL Reports Full Year and Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial and Operational Results

SNDL Inc. (NASDAQ: SNDL) (“SNDL” or the “Company”) reported its financial and operational results for the full year and fourth quarter ended December 31, 2023. All financial information in this press release is reported in millions of Canadian dollars unless otherwise indicated.

SNDL has also posted a supplemental investor presentation and shareholder letter on its website, found at https://sndl.com.

The Company will hold a conference call and webcast at 10 a.m. EDT (8 a.m. MDT) on Thursday, March 21, 2024. The conference call details can be found below.

FULL YEAR AND FOURTH QUARTER 2023 FINANCIAL AND OPERATIONAL HIGHLIGHTS

Record net revenue for 2023 of $909.0 million compared to $712.2 million in 2022, an increase of 28%. Net revenue for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $248.5 million, compared to $240.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, an increase of 3%, with sequential growth in the Cannabis Retail and Cannabis Operations segments.

Gross profit grew to a record $190.4 million, or 21% of sales, for 2023, compared to $140.4 million, or 20% of sales, in the previous year, representing an increase of 36%. Record gross profit of $57.3 million, or 23% of sales, for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $43.6 million, or 18% of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2022. This improvement underscores the benefit of our supply chain optimization strategy, including the closure of the Olds, Alberta cultivation facility in October 2023.

Cash flow was negative $84.5 million in 2023, compared to negative $278.7 million, a 70% year-over-year improvement. In the fourth quarter of 2023, cash flow was negative $6.9 million, compared to negative $11.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, a 42% improvement. SNDL achieved positive cash flow in the second half of 2023, totaling $9.6 million.

Positive free cash flow1 achieved in the second half of 2023, totaling $17.7 million. This achievement was marked by positive free cash flow of $16.3 million in the third quarter of 2023 and $1.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, despite the working capital build up in anticipation of the holiday season in the latter quarter.

Operating income loss of $162.8 million for 2023, partly attributable to restructuring charges of $19.6 million and goodwill impairment of $29.0 million. This compares to a loss of $347.8 million in the previous year, marking a 53% improvement driven by revenue and margin expansion. Operating income loss of $84.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, including $13.3 million of restructuring cost and $29.0 million of goodwill impairment, compared to a loss of $154.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, a 45% improvement.

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations2 was $29.2 million in 2023, compared to an Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations loss of $15.8 million in the previous year. Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations was $3.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to an Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations loss of $7.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, a 147% improvement.

2023 was a transformational year for SNDL, laying the groundwork for enhanced financial and operational performance in 2024 and beyond.
Acquired The Valens Company Inc. (“Valens”), creating a low-cost vertically integrated Canadian cannabis company.
Optimized the Cannabis Operations footprint by closing the Olds, Alberta facility and transitioning remaining cultivation activities to Atholville, New Brunswick, while consolidating manufacturing and processing activities in Kelowna, British Columbia.
Optimized and rationalized the Company’s cannabis brand and SKU portfolio.
Enhanced the proprietary data program in the Cannabis Retail segment, significantly boosting margin profits.
Enhanced the leadership team by appointing a new Chief Financial Officer and President of Cannabis, among other key senior roles.

$766.7 million of unrestricted cash, marketable securities and investments and no outstanding debt, with $195 million of unrestricted cash at December 31, 2023. SNDL has not raised cash through share offerings since June 2021.
“2023 was a year of significant financial success for SNDL, including record-breaking revenue and gross profit, and the achievement of free cash flow in the second half of the year,” said Zach George, Chief Executive Officer of SNDL. “The generation of stabilized free cash flow continues to be a top priority for our team, and I am proud that we delivered on this stated objective during the last two quarters. This period was foundational as we acquired Valens, welcomed top-tier leaders and streamlined our balance sheet, positioning SNDL for improved performance in 2024 and beyond. In our Cannabis Operations, we undertook a comprehensive overhaul, establishing a solid foundation for future success. We refined our brand portfolio, optimized our operational footprint, and enhanced our procurement strategies, with early signs of a positive impact in 2024. We continued to build on the Liquor Retail segment’s stable base, focusing on strategies that enhance margins through our data program, improved inventory management, and emerging e-commerce program. We delivered record results in revenue, gross profit, and cash flow within our Cannabis Retail segment, driven by the expansion of both our owned portfolio and network data programs. We also announced the launch of SunStream USA Group through our joint venture partner, SunStream Bancorp Inc., highlighting our commitment to the U.S. market as a key catalyst for growth. Our consumer-centric approach and relentless focus on quality is the cornerstone of our strategy, supported by a strong balance sheet and improving operations. This approach lays the groundwork for a business positioned to create value for shareholders through high-quality unadjusted earnings and robust free cash flow.”

____________________________________

1 Free cash flow is a non-IFRS financial measure that is not defined by IFRS and, therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies. See “Specified Financial Measures – Free Cash Flow” below.

2 Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations is a non-IFRS financial measure that is not defined by IFRS and, therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies. See “Specified Financial Measures – Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations” below.

FULL YEAR AND FOURTH QUARTER 2023 KEY FINANCIAL METRICS

OPERATING SEGMENTS

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Year ended December 31, 2023

Net revenue

578,895

289,980

87,071

(46,940)

909,006

Gross profit

137,286

73,690

(20,561)

190,415

Operating income (loss)

24,630

4,919

(112,445)

11,746

(91,668)

(162,818)

Adjusted operating income (loss) (1)

24,630

4,919

(52,429)

11,746

(86,541)

(97,675)

Three months ended December 31, 2023

Net revenue

159,493

75,152

26,044

(12,239)

248,450

Gross profit

38,396

20,045

(1,105)

57,336

Operating income (loss)

10,102

(849)

(65,653)

(5,217)

(23,322)

(84,939)

Adjusted operating income (loss) (1)

10,102

(849)

(7,619)

(5,217)

(23,433)

(27,016)

Year ended December 31, 2022

Net revenue

462,180

205,610

44,407

712,197

Gross profit

106,307

47,334

(13,266)

140,375

Operating income (loss)

20,619

(180,956)

(29,372)

(91,275)

(66,790)

(347,774)

Adjusted operating income (loss) (1)

20,619

(8,347)

(27,522)

(91,945)

(66,790)

(173,985)

Three months ended December 31, 2022

Net revenue

159,745

68,402

12,258

240,405

Gross profit

36,927

15,650

(9,009)

43,568

Operating income (loss)

(3,898)

(98,444)

(12,442)

(19,543)

(20,319)

(154,646)

Adjusted operating income (loss) (1)

(3,898)

(10,201)

(12,442)

(19,331)

(20,319)

(66,191)

(1) Adjusted operating income (loss) is a non-IFRS financial measure that is not defined by IFRS and, therefore may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies. See “Specified Financial Measures – Adjusted operating income (loss)” below.

FULL YEAR AND FOURTH QUARTER 2023 RESULTS

SNDL’s business is operated and reported in four segments: Liquor Retail, Cannabis Retail, Cannabis Operations and Investments.

Liquor Retail

SNDL is Canada’s largest private sector liquor retailer, operating 170 locations, predominantly in Alberta, under its three retail banners: “Wine and Beyond”, “Liquor Depot” and “Ace Liquor”. Revenue comparisons for 2022 include operations from March 31 to December 31, 2022, following the acquisition of Alcanna Inc.

Net revenue for Liquor Retail sales for the three banners combined was $578.9 million in 2023, compared to $462.2 million in 2022, a 25% increase year-over-year. Net revenue was $159.5 million in the fourth quarter of 2023, showcasing consistent revenue compared to $159.7 million in the same quarter in the prior year, driven by stable same-store sales.
Gross profit in 2023 was $137.3 million, or 24% of sales, compared to $106.3 million, or 23% of sales, in 2022, a 29% increase year-over-year. Gross profit was $38.4 million, or 24% of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $36.9 million, or 23% of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2022. This improvement was mainly driven by procurement productivity and product mix management initiatives.
SNDL launched its proprietary data licensing program for Liquor Retail in the fourth quarter of 2023 and anticipates revenue generation starting in the first quarter of 2024, helping to further enhance the segment’s profit margins.
Private label sales, a substantial driver of profitable growth, increased by 28% compared to the full year of 2022 and 28% compared to the fourth quarter of 2022. This increase is driven by further additions to the private label offerings, particularly within the value segment. The Company plans to extend its private label line-up with wine varietals sourced from distinguished regions and notable winemakers, all priced attractively, which is expected to contribute to SNDL’s margin growth while further distinguishing its liquor retail banners.
The Company plans to open a Wine and Beyond location in Airdrie, Alberta, in the second quarter of 2024 to further build on the success of the experiential, destination approach of the banner.
As of March 21, 2024, the Ace Liquor store count is 138, the Liquor Depot store count is 20, and the Wine and Beyond store count is 12.
Cannabis Retail

With its 63% ownership interest in Nova Cannabis Inc. (“Nova”), SNDL is Canada’s largest private-sector cannabis retailer, operating 187 locations under its four retail banners: “Value Buds”, “Spiritleaf”, “Superette”, and “Firesale Cannabis”. SNDL’s Cannabis Retail strategy is based on several pillars, including the quality of its store locations, its range of products, and the unique experiences it provides customers. Using data and insights from a large volume of monthly transactions enables SNDL to leverage technology and analytics to inform and improve its retail strategy. Revenue comparisons for 2022 include operations of Nova retail stores for the period of March 31, 2022, to December 31, 2022.

Net revenue from the Cannabis Retail segment was a record $290.0 million in 2023, compared to $205.6 million in 2022, an increase of 41% year-over-year. Net revenue in the fourth quarter of 2023 was $75.2 million, compared to $68.4 million in the fourth quarter of 2022, a 10% increase year-over-year in reported sales.
For stores open in the fourth quarter of 2022 and 2023, same-store sales increased 1.9%.
Record gross profit from the Cannabis Retail segment, with $73.7 million in 2023, or 25% of sales, compared to $47.3 million in 2022, or 23% of sales, a 56% increase year-over-year. Gross profit for the Cannabis Retail segment was $20.0 million, or 27% of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared to $15.7 million, or 23% of sales, in the fourth quarter of 2022, a 27% increase year-over-year. The increase showcases the Company’s efforts in continued margin expansion initiatives.
Nova’s proprietary data licensing program generated revenue of $12.3 million in 2023, compared to $4.2 million in 2022, a 193% increase year-over-year. Proprietary licensing revenues for the fourth quarter of 2023 increased to $4.2 million.
In February 2023, SNDL announced the acquisition of five Superette stores in Ontario.
As of March 21, 2024, the Spiritleaf store count is 85 (21 corporate stores and 64 franchise stores), the Superette store count is four corporate stores, the Firesale Cannabis store count is two corporate stores and the Value Buds store count is 96 corporate stores.
Cannabis Operations

SNDL has a diverse brand portfolio from value to premium, emphasizing premium inhalable formats and a full suite of 2.0 products. With enhanced procurement capabilities and plans to continue evolving toward a cost-effective cultivation and manufacturing operation, the Cannabis Operations segment is a key enabler of SNDL’s vertical integration strategy. Cannabis Operations include the operations of Valens for the period of January 18, 2023, to December 31, 2023.

The Cannabis Operations segment achieved a record net revenue of $87.1 million in 2023, reflecting a substantial 96% increase from $44.4 million in 2022. Net revenue for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $26.0 million, up 111% from $12.3 million in the same quarter of the previous year. The net revenue in the fourth quarter of 2023 represents the highest revenue achieved since Q3 2019, which was $28.0 million, before market saturation and price challenges.
Gross margin was negative $20.6 million in 2023, compared to negative $13.3 million in 2022. Gross profit for the fourth quarter of 2023 was negative $1.1 million, compared to negative $9.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. This 88% improvement in gross profit during the fourth quarter is largely attributable to the strategic decision to close the Olds, Alberta facility.
During 2023, SNDL optimized its facility footprint to bolster competitiveness and profitability. The Company is leveraging an enhanced procurement strategy, while consolidating the remaining cultivation activities at its Atholville, New Brunswick facility, and centralizing manufacturing, processing, and production operations in Kelowna, British Columbia.
The Company undertook an intensive rationalization and revitalization of its cannabis portfolio, reducing the SKU count from 327 at the beginning of 2023 to 125 at the end of 2023 to better focus on key consumer categories in vape, flower and pre-rolls.
SNDL monetized nearly 35 million grams of excess biomass, strategically optimizing days-on-hand inventory.
The Company has implemented innovative strategies in its Atholville facility to improve cultivation, resulting in an average annual yield of 104 grams per square foot and an average THC potency result of 25%.
Investments

For the year ended December 31, 2023, the Company had deployed capital to a portfolio of cannabis-related investments with a carrying value of $571.6 million, including $538.3 million to SunStream.
In 2023, the investment portfolio generated positive operating income of $12.2 million compared to a loss of $91.4 million for the previous year. The interest and fee revenue for 2023 was $14.0 million compared to $16.7 million for the previous year. Share of profit of equity-accounted investees for the year ended December 31, 2023, was $6.8 million compared to a loss of $43.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2022.
SunStream is a joint venture sponsored by SNDL. During 2023, SunStream directed the formation of the SunStream USA group of companies (“SunStream USA Group”) in connection with the restructuring of certain loans provided by SunStream. SunStream USA Group is anticipated to be a U.S. platform with one or more independent third-party investors, which will be independently managed and governed. The SunStream USA Group structure is anticipated to be reviewed by the Nasdaq, as the relevant listing authority for SNDL.
At the end of the fourth quarter of 2023, the credit portfolio controlled by SunStream comprised five investments: Jushi Holdings Inc., SKYMINT Brands (“Skymint”), Ascend Wellness Holdings, Surterra Holdings, Inc. d/b/a Parallel (“Parallel”), and Columbia Care Inc.
On September 22, 2023, an affiliate of SunStream entered into restructuring arrangements relating to investments in Parallel, which contemplate the foreclosure, to a SunStream USA entity, of certain Parallel cannabis operations in Florida, Massachusetts, Texas, and Nevada (the “Parallel Transaction”).
On October 23, 2023, an affiliate of SunStream announced a receivership court order granting the sale of certain assets of Skymint to a SunStream USA Group entity (the “Skymint Transaction”).
The Parallel Transaction and Skymint Transaction are anticipated to close in 2024 and are subject to certain conditions and regulatory approvals.
Equity Position

$766.7 million of unrestricted cash, marketable securities and investments, including investments in equity-accounted investees, and no outstanding debt at December 31, 2023, resulting in a net book value of $1.2 billion.
On November 13, 2023, the Company announced that its board of directors had approved a renewal of the share repurchase program upon its expiry on November 20, 2023. The Company’s share repurchase program continues to be available to lower the outstanding share float. SNDL will continue to assess opportunities to utilize the program to the extent that management believes it is in the best interest of SNDL’s shareholders. For the three months ended December 31, 2023, the Company did not purchase common shares for cancellation.
This press release is intended to be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto for the years ended December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, and the accompanying Management’s Discussion and Analysis (“MD&A”). These documents are available under the Company’s profile on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca and EDGAR at www.sec.gov/edgar.shtml.

CONFERENCE CALL

The Company will hold a conference call and webcast at 10 a.m. EDT (8 a.m. MDT) on Thursday, March 21, 2024.

WEBCAST ACCESS

To access the live webcast of the call, please visit the following link:
https://services.choruscall.ca/links/sndl2023q4.html

REPLAY

A telephone replay will be available for one month. To access the replay, dial:
Canada/USA Toll Free: 1-800-319-6413 or International Toll: +1-604-638-9010
When prompted, enter Replay Access Code: 0739 #
The webcast archive will be available for three months via the link provided above.

ABOUT SNDL INC.

SNDL is a public company whose shares are traded on the Nasdaq under the symbol “SNDL.” SNDL is the largest private-sector liquor and cannabis retailer in Canada with retail banners that include Ace Liquor, Wine and Beyond, Liquor Depot, Value Buds, Spiritleaf, and Firesale Cannabis. SNDL is a licensed cannabis producer and one of the largest vertically integrated cannabis companies in Canada specializing in low-cost biomass sourcing, premium indoor cultivation, product innovation, low-cost manufacturing facilities, and a cannabis brand portfolio that includes Top Leaf, Contraband, Palmetto, Bon Jak, Versus, Value Buds, and Vacay. SNDL’s investment portfolio seeks to deploy strategic capital through direct and indirect investments and partnerships throughout the North American cannabis industry. For more information on SNDL, please go to https://sndl.com/.

Forward-Looking Information Cautionary Statement
This news release includes statements containing certain “forward-looking information” within the meaning of applicable securities law (“forward-looking statements”), including, but not limited to, statements regarding the Company’s operational goals, the Company’s ability to achieve improved profitability, growth and efficiencies across all segments, or its goal of sustainable, positive gross margin and positive free cash flow, revenue generation from the Liquor Retail proprietary data licensing program, expansion of product offerings (including the expected expansion of the Company’s wine private label), the impact of rationalization initiatives on revenue and margins within the Cannabis Operations segment and owned retail locations, the expansion and additional cost savings at the Atholville facility, performance of the Company’s investments, including through the SunStream joint venture and SunStream USA Group, the receipt of regulatory and listing authority approvals necessary to implement the proposed SunStream USA Group investment structure, the ability to realize expected cost savings in relation to the Valens Acquisition, expected run-rate synergies and expected proceeds from future asset sales, and any other potential forms of shareholder value creation. Forward-looking statements are frequently characterized by words such as “aim”, “anticipate”, “assume”, “believe”, “contemplate”, “continue”, “could”, “due”, “estimate”, “expect”, “goal”, “intend”, “may”, “objective”, “plan”, “predict”, “potential”, “positioned”, “pioneer”, “seek”, “should”, “target”, “will”, “would”, and other similar expressions that are predictions of or indicate future events and future trends, or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about the Company’s business and the industry in which it operates and management’s beliefs and assumptions and are not guarantees of future performance or development and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that are in some cases beyond its control. Forward-looking statements are based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the statements are made and are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Please see “Risk Factors” in the Company’s Annual Information Form dated March 20, 2024, and the risk factors included in our other public disclosure documents for a discussion of the material risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking information. The Company is under no obligation, and expressly disclaims any intention or obligation, to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as expressly required by applicable law.

Consolidated Statement of Loss and Comprehensive Loss
(Expressed in thousands of Canadian dollars, except per share amounts)

Year ended

December 31

2023

2022

Gross revenue

957,725

729,694

Excise taxes

48,719

17,497

Net revenue

909,006

712,197

Cost of sales

689,338

558,089

Inventory impairment and obsolescence

30,644

7,012

Gross profit before fair value adjustments

189,024

147,096

Change in fair value of biological assets

(7,936)

(1,309)

Change in fair value realized through inventory

9,327

(5,412)

Gross profit

190,415

140,375

Interest and fee revenue

14,517

16,739

Investment loss

(9,258)

(65,164)

Share of profit (loss) of equity-accounted investees

6,758

(43,002)

General and administrative

199,725

140,168

Sales and marketing

15,045

8,417

Research and development

324

2,448

Depreciation and amortization

60,216

40,945

Share-based compensation

15,400

9,671

Restructuring costs (recovery)

19,573

(670)

Asset impairment

54,967

196,033

Gain on cancellation of contracts

(290)

Operating income (loss)

(162,818)

(347,774)

Transaction costs

(3,718)

(1,352)

Finance costs, net

(11,362)

(41,314)

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative warrants

6,602

10,783

Foreign exchange loss

(367)

(19)

Loss on disposition of assets

(353)

(94)

Loss before income tax

(172,016)

(379,770)

Income tax recovery

7,342

Net loss from continuing operations

(172,016)

(372,428)

Net loss from discontinued operations

(4,535)

Net loss

(176,551)

(372,428)

Equity-accounted investees – share of other comprehensive income (loss)

(12,771)

24,581

Comprehensive loss

(189,322)

(347,847)

Net loss from continuing operations attributable to:

Owners of the Company

(168,125)

(335,114)

Non-controlling interest

(3,891)

(37,314)

(172,016)

(372,428)

Net loss attributable to:

Owners of the Company

(172,660)

(335,114)

Non-controlling interest

(3,891)

(37,314)

(176,551)

(372,428)

Comprehensive loss attributable to:

Owners of the Company

(185,431)

(310,533)

Non-controlling interest

(3,891)

(37,314)

Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
(Expressed in thousands of Canadian dollars)

As at

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Assets

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

195,041

279,586

Restricted cash

19,891

19,338

Marketable securities

225

21,926

Accounts receivable

27,059

22,636

Biological assets

429

3,477

Inventory

129,060

127,782

Prepaid expenses and deposits

22,464

10,110

Investments

3,400

6,552

Assets held for sale

6,375

6,375

Net investment in subleases

2,970

3,701

406,914

501,483

Non-current assets

Long-term deposits and receivables

4,837

8,584

Right of use assets

129,679

134,154

Property, plant and equipment

152,916

143,409

Net investment in subleases

18,396

19,618

Intangible assets

73,149

74,885

Investments

29,660

90,702

Equity-accounted investees

538,331

519,255

Goodwill

119,282

67,260

Total assets

1,473,164

1,559,350

Liabilities

Current liabilities

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

68,210

48,153

Lease liabilities

30,537

30,206

Derivative warrants

4,400

11,002

103,147

89,361

Non-current liabilities

Lease liabilities

136,492

139,625

Other liabilities

4,185

2,709

Total liabilities

243,824

231,695

Shareholders’ equity

Share capital

2,375,950

2,292,810

Warrants

2,260

2,260

Contributed surplus

73,014

68,961

Contingent consideration

2,279

2,279

Accumulated deficit

(1,260,851)

(1,091,999)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

19,417

32,188

Total shareholders’ equity

1,212,069

1,306,499

Non-controlling interest

17,271

21,156

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

1,473,164

1,559,350

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows
(Expressed in thousands of Canadian dollars)

Year ended

December 31

2023

2022

Cash provided by (used in):

Operating activities

Net loss for the period

(176,551)

(372,428)

Adjustments for:

Income tax recovery

(7,342)

Interest and fee revenue

(14,517)

(16,739)

Change in fair value of biological assets

7,936

1,309

Share-based compensation

15,400

9,671

Depreciation and amortization

64,946

47,322

Loss on disposition of assets

353

94

Inventory impairment and obsolescence

30,644

7,012

Finance costs, net

11,362

41,314

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative warrants

(6,602)

(10,783)

Unrealized foreign exchange gain

(13)

(16)

Transaction costs

1,221

Asset impairment

54,967

196,033

Share of (profit) loss of equity-accounted investees

(6,758)

43,002

Realized loss on settlement of marketable securities

138,874

Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable securities

(129,616)

65,553

Additions to marketable securities

(3,500)

Proceeds from settlement of marketable securities

6,704

Income distributions from equity-accounted investees

1,661

Interest received

13,563

13,403

Exercise of cash-settled deferred share units

(204)

Change in non-cash working capital

(32,875)

(22,073)

Net cash used in operating activities from continuing operations

(20,962)

(6,711)

Net cash provided by operating activities from discontinued operations

4,314

Net cash used in operating activities

(16,648)

(6,711)

Investing activities

Additions to property, plant and equipment

(7,845)

(10,666)

Additions to intangible assets

(87)

(197)

Additions to investments

(732)

(75,598)

Additions to equity-accounted investees

(25,089)

(119,137)

Proceeds from disposal of property, plant and equipment

1,213

4,000

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

3,695

(28,640)

Change in non-cash working capital

4,028

74

Net cash used in investing activities from continuing operations

(24,817)

(230,164)

Net cash used in investing activities from discontinued operations

Net cash used in investing activities

(24,817)

(230,164)

Financing activities

Change in restricted cash

(553)

7,675

Payments on lease liabilities, net

(41,013)

(27,693)

Repurchase of common shares, net of costs

(1,536)

(13,390)

Proceeds from issuance of shares, net of costs

22

Distributions declared by subsidiaries

(20)

(24)

Repayment of long-term debt

(10,000)

Change in non-cash working capital

42

1,620

Net cash used in financing activities from continuing operations

(43,080)

(41,790)

Net cash used in financing activities from discontinued operations

Net cash used in financing activities

(43,080)

(41,790)

Change in cash and cash equivalents

(84,545)

(278,665)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

279,586

558,251

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

195,041

279,586

SPECIFIED FINANCIAL MEASURES

Certain specified financial measures in this news release are non-IFRS measures. These terms are not defined by IFRS and, therefore, may not be comparable to similar measures reported by other companies. These non-IFRS financial measures should not be considered in isolation or as an alternative for or superior to measures of performance prepared in accordance with IFRS. These measures are presented and described in order to provide shareholders and potential investors with additional measures in understanding the Company’s operating results in the same manner as the management team.

ADJUSTED EBITDA FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations is a non-IFRS financial measure which the Company uses to evaluate its operating performance. Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations provides information to investors, analysts, and others to aid in understanding and evaluating the Company’s operating results in a similar manner to its management team. The Company defines adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations as net earnings (loss) from continuing operations before finance costs, change in estimate of fair value of derivative warrants, depreciation and amortization, loss (gain) on cancellation of contracts, income tax expense (recovery) and excluding change in fair value of biological assets, change in fair value realized through inventory, unrealized foreign exchange gains or losses, unrealized gains or losses on marketable securities, realized gains or losses on marketable securities, share-based compensation expense, asset impairment, gain or loss on disposal of property, plant and equipment, cost of sales non-cash component, inventory impairment (recovery) and obsolescence, restructuring costs (recovery) and transaction costs. The Company presents both consolidated or total adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations by operating segment.

OPERATING SEGMENTS

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Year ended December 31, 2023

Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations

19,190

1,310

(112,159)

8,429

(88,786)

(172,016)

Adjustments:

Finance costs

5,274

3,526

(755)

3,317

11,362

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative
warrants

(2)

(6,600)

(6,602)

Depreciation and amortization

35,662

15,820

3,835

4,899

60,216

Change in fair value of biological assets

7,936

7,936

Change in fair value realized through
inventory

(9,327)

(9,327)

Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss

(2)

(11)

(13)

Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable
securities

651

(130,267)

(129,616)

Realized loss on marketable securities

138,874

138,874

Share-based compensation

6

15,394

15,400

Asset impairment

1,640

5,047

48,280

54,967

Loss (gain) on disposition of PP&E

(25)

79

299

353

Cost of sales non-cash component (1)

3,736

3,736

Inventory impairment (recovery) and
obsolescence

30,644

30,644

Restructuring costs (recovery)

14,446

5,127

19,573

Transaction costs

3,718

3,718

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

61,739

25,786

(12,425)

20,353

(66,248)

29,205

(1) Cost of sales non-cash component is comprised of depreciation expense

OPERATING SEGMENTS

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Three months ended December 31, 2023

Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations

8,990

(1,920)

(65,434)

(4,858)

(22,201)

(85,423)

Adjustments:

Finance costs

1,121

1,070

(243)

(359)

1,589

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative
warrants

(2,400)

(2,400)

Depreciation and amortization

7,719

4,429

1,085

1,527

14,760

Change in fair value of biological assets

1,169

1,169

Change in fair value realized through
inventory

(3,999)

(3,999)

Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss

(57)

(57)

Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable
securities

40

40

Realized loss on marketable securities

Share-based compensation

3,925

3,925

Asset impairment

4,481

46,238

50,719

Loss (gain) on disposition of PP&E

(18)

96

78

Cost of sales non-cash component (1)

462

462

Inventory impairment (recovery) and
obsolescence

8,050

8,050

Restructuring costs (recovery)

13,398

(111)

13,287

Transaction costs

1,279

1,279

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

17,812

8,060

805

(5,217)

(17,981)

3,479

(1) Cost of sales non-cash component is comprised of depreciation expense

OPERATING SEGMENTS

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Year ended December 31, 2022

Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations

17,726

(183,055)

(29,618)

(120,020)

(57,461)

(372,428)

Adjustments:

Finance costs

2,845

2,155

227

36,087

41,314

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative
warrants

(83)

(10,700)

(10,783)

Loss (gain) on cancellation of contracts

(290)

(290)

Depreciation and amortization

17,025

9,920

199

13,801

40,945

Income tax recovery

(7,342)

(7,342)

Change in fair value of biological assets

1,309

1,309

Change in fair value realized through
inventory

5,412

5,412

Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss

10

(4)

(22)

(16)

Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable
securities

65,553

65,553

Share-based compensation

297

9,374

9,671

Asset impairment

10,079

181,665

4,289

196,033

Loss (gain) on disposition of PP&E

48

27

19

94

Cost of sales non-cash component (1)

7,003

7,003

Inventory impairment (recovery) and
obsolescence

7,012

7,012

Restructuring costs (recovery)

(670)

(670)

Transaction costs

1,352

1,352

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

47,733

10,922

(4,460)

(26,392)

(43,634)

(15,831)

(1) Cost of sales non-cash component is comprised of depreciation expense

OPERATING SEGMENTS

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Three months ended December 31, 2022

Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations

(1,316)

(98,374)

(12,932)

(30,017)

(18,932)

(161,571)

Adjustments:

Finance costs

(2,599)

(57)

19

9,098

6,461

Change in estimate of fair value of derivative
warrants

(27)

(3,900)

(3,927)

Loss (gain) on cancellation of contracts

(290)

(290)

Depreciation and amortization

11,303

3,879

190

6,251

21,623

Income tax recovery

1,376

1,376

Change in fair value of biological assets

2,712

2,712

Change in fair value realized through
inventory

279

279

Unrealized foreign exchange (gain) loss

3

(4)

25

24

Unrealized (gain) loss on marketable
securities

6,868

6,868

Share-based compensation

372

2,588

2,960

Asset impairment

10,079

97,299

283

107,661

Loss (gain) on disposition of PP&E

17

14

471

502

Cost of sales non-cash component (1)

1,702

1,702

Inventory impairment (recovery) and
obsolescence

3,467

3,467

Restructuring costs (recovery)

212

212

Transaction costs

2,392

2,392

Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations

17,487

3,102

(4,074)

(12,463)

(11,601)

(7,549)

(1) Cost of sales non-cash component is comprised of depreciation expense

ADJUSTED OPERATING INCOME (LOSS)
Adjusted operating income (loss) a non-IFRS financial measure which the Company uses to evaluate its operating performance. Adjusted operating income (loss) provides information to investors, analysts, and others to aid in understanding and evaluating the Company’s operating results in a similar manner to its management team. The Company defines adjusted operating income (loss) as operating income (loss) less restructuring costs (recovery) goodwill and intangible asset impairments and asset impairments triggered by restructuring activities.

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Three months ended December 31, 2023

Operating income (loss)

10,102

(849)

(65,653)

(5,217)

(23,322)

(84,939)

Adjustments:

Restructuring costs (recovery)

13,398

(111)

13,287

Intangible asset impairments

29,000

29,000

Impairments triggered by restructuring

15,636

15,636

Adjusted operating income (loss)

10,102

(849)

(7,619)

(5,217)

(23,433)

(27,016)

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Three months ended December 31, 2022

Operating income (loss)

(3,898)

(98,444)

(12,442)

(19,543)

(20,319)

(154,646)

Adjustments:

Restructuring costs

212

212

Intangible asset impairments

88,243

88,243

Adjusted operating income (loss)

(3,898)

(10,201)

(12,442)

(19,331)

(20,319)

(66,191)

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Year ended December 31, 2023

Operating income (loss)

24,630

4,919

(112,445)

11,746

(91,668)

(162,818)

Adjustments:

Restructuring costs

14,446

5,127

19,573

Intangible asset impairments

29,934

29,934

Impairments triggered by restructuring

15,636

15,636

Adjusted operating income (loss)

24,630

4,919

(52,429)

11,746

(86,541)

(97,675)

($000s)

Liquor

Retail

Cannabis

Retail

Cannabis

Operations

Investments

Corporate

Total

Year ended December 31, 2022

Operating income (loss)

20,619

(180,956)

(29,372)

(91,275)

(66,790)

(347,774)

Adjustments:

Restructuring costs (recovery)

(670)

(670)

Intangible asset impairments

172,609

1,850

174,459

Adjusted operating income (loss)

20,619

(8,347)

(27,522)

(91,945)

(66,790)

(173,985)

Three months ended

December 31

Year ended

December 31

($000s)

2023

2022

2023

2022

Change in cash and cash equivalents

(6,942)

(11,841)

(84,545)

(278,665)

Adjustments

Repurchase of common shares

7,241

1,536

13,390

Changes to debt instruments

10,000

Changes to long-term investments

8,325

17,693

25,821

194,735

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired

(2,509)

(3,695)

28,640

Free cash flow

1,383

10,584

(60,883)

(31,900)

SOURCE SNDL Inc.


MAPH Enterprises, LLC | (305) 414-0128 | 1501 Venera Ave, Coral Gables, FL 33146 | new@marijuanastocks.com
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