Tags Posts tagged with "Drug Test"

Drug Test

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CBD is well-known for its health benefits, especially in treating rare seizure disorders. There are other reasons people try CBD products, also. A neurologist and psychopharmacology researcher, Dr. Ethan Russo, notes in a study that the therapeutic effects of CBD are broad, including: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic, antioxidant, anti-psychotic, anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant and cytotoxic in certain cancer cells. Typically, CBD products are primarily made from the concentrated extract of the flowers, leaves and possibly stalks of marijuana or hemp. Most CBD products are either oil-based tinctures or capsules that are consumed orally, or topicals applied to the skin. However, there is a growing variety of other products containing CBD, including those for pets.

To find out if CBD would show on a urine drug test, we consulted employment drug testing expert Barry Sample, who is the director of science and technology for Quest Diagnostics. Sample stated, “If the product contains only CBD and has had the THC removed, then an individual being tested would not be expected to test positive for marijuana or marijuana metabolite.” We contacted cannabis health and science researcher, Paul Armentano. Armentano stated, “Not unless those products also contain quantities of THC. Drug tests screen for either THC or the carboxy-THC metabolite, not for CBD.”

Both experts agree; as long as there is no THC in the CBD products, then a urine test would not test positive for THC. There may be minute amounts of THC in CBD products. An aspect in cannabinoid compounds that aids efficacy is the entourage effect. Coined by venerable Israeli cannabis researcher Raphael Mechoulam in 1999, the entourage effect is the belief that the compounds in marijuana work better together than if the compounds are isolated. CBD products, in addition to the CBD cannabinoid, may contain additional cannabis compounds, including THC, to purportedly increase the effectiveness of the product.

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There are already nationwide issues when it comes to the use and possession of drugs in the United States. However, there’s a much bigger problem facing the citizens of the united states; and it only costs $2. In 1973, Richard Nixon led California investors to patent a disposable comparison detector kit. The kit costs two dollars, are small and cheap, and offer quick results, but come with tons of inefficiencies. The kit contains a single tube of cobalt thiocyanate, which turns blue if exposed to cocaine. The problem with that, however, is that since the kit was developed in the 70’s it didn’t prepare itself for modern medicines. As a result, the cobalt also turns blue when exposed to methadone, acne medication, household cleaners, and 80 other compounds.

Another issue with the kit is that offers are not educated on how it works and are therefore misinterpreting the colors on the test, and therefore misreading the results. The National Bureau of Standards said that the kits “should not be used as sole evidence for the identification of a narcotic or drug of abuse.” Chemists have stopped relying on these tests. The Department of Justice said that the kits “should not be used for evidential purposes.” The Government is in this kit; they remain inadmissible in a trial for nearly every jurisdiction. But most drug cases are decided outside the courtroom. This means that individuals make deals outside in order to lessen their sentence, without ever going to trial.

Every year, over 100,000 people in the U.S. plead guilty to drug possession charges that rely on these filed kits as evidence. However, 33 percent of cocaine arrests are due to false positives from these field tests. In Florida, 21 percent of evidence police identified as methamphetamine was not actually meth. The environment also plays a factor in the test’s inaccuracies. If the weather is cold, it slows down the process; if its hot outside, it speeds up the process. If an officer is in poor lighting, it could cloud the offers judgment, leaving them unable to distinguish the differences between colors. However, the New York Times investigated three of the largest test manufacturers and found that none printed warnings on the kits.

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