Form 10-Q for FULL CIRCLE CAPITAL CORP
Forward-Looking StatementsThe information contained in this section should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes and schedules thereto appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q, as well as the sections entitled “Selected Financial Data” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and related notes and schedules thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended June 30, 2014.
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements are not historical facts, but rather are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about Full Circle Capital Corporation, our current and prospective portfolio investments, our industry, our beliefs, and our assumptions. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “will,” “may,” “continue,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “targets,” “projects,” and variations of these words and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q involve risks and uncertainties, including statements as to:
- our future operating results;
- our business prospects and the prospects of our portfolio companies;
- the impact of investments that we expect to make;
- our contractual arrangements and relationships with third parties;
- the dependence of our future success on the general economy and its impact on the industries in which we invest;
- the ability of our portfolio companies to achieve their objectives;
- our expected financings and investments;
- the adequacy of our cash resources and working capital; and
- the timing of cash flows, if any, from the operations of our portfolio companies.
These statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and other factors, some of which are beyond our control and difficult to predict and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or forecasted in the forward-looking statements, including without limitation:
- an economic downturn could impair our portfolio companies’ ability to continue to operate, which could lead to the loss of some or all of our investments in such portfolio companies;
- an expiration or contraction of available credit and/or an inability to access the equity markets could impair our lending and investment activities;
- interest rate volatility could adversely affect our results, particularly if we elect to use leverage as part of our investment strategy;
- currency fluctuations could adversely affect the results of our investments in foreign companies, particularly to the extent that we receive payments denominated in foreign currency rather than U.S. dollars; and
- the risks, uncertainties and other factors we identify in “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended June 30, 2014 and elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q and in our filings with the SEC.
Although we believe that the assumptions on which these forward-looking statements are based are reasonable, any of those assumptions could prove to be inaccurate, and as a result, the forward-looking statements based on those assumptions also could be inaccurate. Important assumptions include our ability to originate new loans and investments, certain margins and levels of profitability and the availability of additional capital. In light of these and other uncertainties, the inclusion of a projection or forward-looking
Except as otherwise specified, references to “Full Circle Capital,” “the Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Full Circle Capital Corporation.
We are an externally managed non-diversified closed-end management investment company formed in April 2010, and have elected to be regulated as a business development company under the 1940 Act. Our investment objective is to generate both current income and capital appreciation through debt and equity investments. We are managed by Full Circle Advisors, and Full Circle Service Company provides the administrative services necessary for us to operate.
We invest primarily in senior secured loans and, to a lesser extent, second liens loans, mezzanine loans and equity securities issued by lower middle-market companies that operate in a diverse range of industries. In our lending activities, we focus primarily on portfolio companies with both (i) tangible and intangible assets available as collateral and security against our loan to help mitigate our risk of loss, and (ii) cash flow to cover debt service. We believe this provides us with a more attractive risk adjusted return profile, with greater principal protection and likelihood of repayment.
Our investments generally range in size from $3 million to $10 million; however, we may make larger or smaller investments from time to time on an opportunistic basis. We focus primarily on senior secured loans and “stretch” senior secured loans, also referred to as “unitranche” loans, which combine characteristics of traditional first-lien senior secured loans and second-lien or subordinated loans. We believe that having a first lien, senior secured position provides us with greater control and security in the primary collateral of a borrower and helps to mitigate risk against loss of principal should a borrower default. Our stretch senior secured loans typically possess a greater advance rate against the borrower’s assets and cash flow, and accordingly carry a higher interest rate and/or greater equity participation, than traditional senior secured loans. This stretch senior secured loan instrument can provide borrowers with a more efficient and desirable solution than a senior bank line combined with a separate second lien or mezzanine loan obtained from another source. We also may invest in mezzanine, subordinated or unsecured loans. In addition, we may acquire equity or equity related interests from a borrower along with our debt investment. We attempt to protect against risk of loss on our debt investments by investing in borrowers with cash flows to cover debt service, while frequently securing our loans against tangible or intangible assets of our borrowers, which may include accounts receivable and contracts for services, and obtaining a favorable loan-to-value ratio, and in many cases, securing other financial protections or credit enhancements, such as personal guarantees from the principals of our borrowers, make well agreements and other forms of collateral, rather than lending predominantly against anticipated cash flows of our borrowers. We believe this allows us more options and greater likelihood of repayment from refinancing, asset sales of our borrowers and/or amortization.
We generally seek to invest in lower middle-market companies in areas that we believe have been historically under-serviced, especially during and after the 2008/2009 credit crisis. These areas include industries that are outside the focus of mainstream institutions or investors due to required industry-specific knowledge or are too small to attract interest from larger investment funds or other financial institutions. Because we believe there are fewer banks and specialty finance companies focused on lending to these lower middle-market companies, we believe we can negotiate more favorable terms on our debt investments in these companies than those that would be available for debt investments in comparable larger, more mainstream borrowers. Such favorable terms may include higher debt yields, lower leverage levels, more significant covenant protection and/or greater equity grants than typical of other transactions. We generally seek to avoid competing directly with other capital providers with respect to specific transactions in order to avoid the less favorable terms we believe are typically associated with such competitive bidding processes.
On June 4, 2014, we formed FC Capital Investment Partners (“FCIP”), a multiple series private fund, for which we serve as the managing member and investment adviser. FCIP was formed as a Delaware limited
In addition, we expect to receive certain fees or other distributions from FCIP in connection with the services we provide to each series it may issue. Such fees may include management fees, incentive fees and administration fees and could be offset by expense caps or waivers in the future. During the three months ended September 30, 2014, we recognized $10,370 in management fee income related to the services performed for FCIP.
On July 14, 2014, we sold 506,000 shares of our common stock at $7.40 per share in a direct registered offering to certain investors for total gross proceeds of approximately $3.7 million.
On July 14, 2014, we closed an offering of our 8.25% fixed-rate notes due 2020 (the “Notes”). The Notes offering consisted of $12,500,000 in aggregate principal amount of the Notes. The Notes were sold at price of $25.375 plus accrued interest from June 30, 2014, a premium to par value of $25.00 per Note, for total gross proceeds of approximately $12.7 million. The Notes are a further issuance of, rank equally in right of payment with, and form a single series with the $21.1 million of currently outstanding Notes that will mature on June 30, 2020, and may be redeemed in whole or in part at any time or from time to time at our option on or after June 30, 2016. The Notes are listed on the NASDAQ Global Market and trade under the trading symbol “FULLL.”
Critical Accounting Policies
The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and revenues and expenses during the periods reported. Actual results could materially differ from those estimates. We have identified the following items as critical accounting policies.
Basis of Consolidation
Under the 1940 Act rules, the regulations pursuant to Article 6 of Regulation S-X and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants’ Audit and Accounting Guide for Investment Companies, we are precluded from consolidating any entity other than another investment company or an operating company which provides substantially all of its services and benefits to us. Our financial statements include our accounts and the accounts of Full Circle West, Inc., FC New Media Inc., TransAmerican Asset Servicing Group, Inc., FC New Specialty Foods, Inc., and FC Takoda Holdings, LLC, our only wholly owned subsidiaries. All intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
Valuation of Investments in Securities at Fair Value – Definition and Hierarchy
In accordance with GAAP, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., the “exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.
In determining fair value, Full Circle Capital’s Board of Directors uses various valuation approaches. In accordance with GAAP, a fair value hierarchy for inputs is used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available.
Observable inputs are those that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Board of Directors. Unobservable inputs reflect the Board of Directors’ assumptions about the inputs market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances.
The fair value hierarchy is categorized into three levels based on the inputs as follows:
Level 1 – Valuations based on unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Company has the ability to access. Valuation adjustments and block discounts are not applied to Level 1 securities. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these securities does not entail a significant degree of judgment.
Level 2 – Valuations based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly.
Level 3 – Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.
The availability of valuation techniques and observable inputs can vary from security to security and is affected by a wide variety of factors including, the type of security, whether the security is new and not yet established in the marketplace, and other characteristics particular to the transaction. To the extent that valuation is based on models or inputs that are less observable or unobservable in the market, the determination of fair value requires more judgment. Those estimated values do not necessarily represent the amounts that may be ultimately realized due to the occurrence of future circumstances that cannot be reasonably determined. Because of the inherent uncertainty of valuation, those estimated values may be materially higher or lower than the values that would have been used had a ready market for the securities existed. Accordingly, the degree of judgment exercised by the Board of Directors in determining fair value is greatest for securities categorized in Level 3. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, for disclosure purposes, the level in the fair value hierarchy within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls, is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.
Fair value is a market-based measure considered from the perspective of a market participant rather than an entity-specific measure. Therefore, even when market assumptions are not readily available, the Company’s own assumptions are set to reflect those that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability at the measurement date. The Company uses prices and inputs that are current as of the measurement date, including periods of market dislocation. In periods of market dislocation, the observability of prices and inputs may be reduced for many securities. This condition could cause a security to be reclassified to a lower level within the fair value hierarchy.
Change in realized gain (loss) and unrealized gain (loss) on investments
Net unrealized appreciation or depreciation recorded on investments is the net change in the fair value of our investment portfolio during the reporting period, including the reversal of previously recorded unrealized appreciation or depreciation when gains or losses are realized. Realized gain (loss) on the sale of investments is the difference between the proceeds received from dispositions of portfolio investments and their stated costs.
From time to time, the Company may enter into a new transaction with a portfolio company as a result of the sale, merger, foreclosure, bankruptcy or other corporate event involving the portfolio company. In such cases, the Company may receive newly issued notes, securities and/or other consideration in exchange for, or resulting from, the cancellation of the instruments previously held by the Company with regard to that
Senior and Subordinated Secured Loans
The Company’s portfolio consists primarily of private debt instruments. Investments for which market quotations are readily available (“Level 2 Debt”) are valued using market quotations, which are generally obtained from an independent pricing service or broker-dealers. For other debt investments (“Level 3 Debt”) market quotations are not available and other techniques are used to determine fair value. The Company considers its Level 3 debt to be performing if the borrower is not in default, the borrower is remitting payments in a timely manner, the loan is in covenant compliance or is otherwise not deemed to be impaired. In determining the fair value of the performing Level 3 debt, the Company’s Board of Directors considers fluctuations in current interest rates, the trends in yields of debt instruments with similar credit ratings, the financial condition of the borrower, economic conditions, success and prepayment fees, and other relevant factors, both qualitative and quantitative. In the event that a Level 3 debt instrument is not performing, as defined above, the Company’s Board of Directors will evaluate the value of the collateral utilizing the same framework described above for a performing loan to determine the value of the Level 3 debt instrument.
This evaluation will be updated no less than quarterly for Level 3 debt instruments, and more frequently for time periods where there are significant changes in the investor base or significant changes in the perceived value of the underlying collateral. The collateral value will be analyzed on an ongoing basis using internal metrics, appraisals, work performed by third-party valuation agents, if applicable, and other data as may be acquired and analyzed by Management and the Company’s Board of Directors.
Investments in Private Companies
The Company’s Board of Directors determines the fair value of its investments in private companies where no market quotations are readily available by incorporating valuations that consider the evaluation of financing and sale transactions with third parties, expected cash flows and market-based information, including comparable transactions, and performance multiples, among other factors, including work performed by third-party valuation agents. These nonpublic investments are included in Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy.
The Company’s Board of Directors ascribes value to warrants based on fair value analyses that may include discounted cash flow analyses, option pricing models, comparable analyses and other techniques as deemed appropriate.
The Company’s assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis subject to the requirements of ASC Topic 820 at September 30, 2014 and June 30, 2014, were as follows:
As of September 30, 2014 (Unaudited) [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total Assets Senior and Subordinated Loans, at fair value $ - $ 10,822,500 $ 113,709,308 $ 124,531,808 Limited Liability Company Interests, at fair value - - 2,329,498 2,329,498 Investments in Warrants, at fair value - - 4,668,096 4,668,096 $ - $ 10,822,500 $ 120,706,902 $ 131,529,402 As of June 30, 2014 [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] [[Image Removed]] Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total Assets Senior and Subordinated Loans, at fair value $ - $ 7,175,000 $ 111,079,608 $ 118,254,608 Limited Liability Company Interests, at fair value - - 3,875,583 3,875,583 Investments in Warrants, at fair value - - 3,060,421 3,060,421 U.S. Treasury Securities, at fair value(1) 25,000,147 - - 25,000,147 $ 25,000,147 $ 7,175,000 $ 118,015,612 $ 150,190,759
(1) U.S. Treasury Securities were purchased and temporarily held in connection with compliance with RIC diversification requirements under Subchapter M of the Code.
During the three months ended September 30, 2014 and the year ended June 30, 2014, there were no transfers in or out of levels.
Realized gains or losses on the sale of investments are calculated using the specific identification method.
Interest income, adjusted for amortization of premium and accretion of discount, is recorded on an accrual basis. Origination, closing and/or commitment fees associated with senior and subordinated secured loans are accreted into interest income over the respective terms of the applicable loans. Upon the prepayment of a senior or subordinated secured loan, any unamortized loan origination, closing and/or commitment fees are recorded as interest income. Generally, when a payment default occurs on a loan in the portfolio, or if the Company otherwise believes that the issuer of the loan will not be able to make contractual interest payments, the Company may place the loan on non-accrual status and cease recognizing interest income on the loan until all principal and interest is current through payment, or until a restructuring occurs, and the interest income is deemed to be collectible. The Company may make exceptions to this policy if a loan has sufficient collateral value and is in the process of collection or is viewed to be able to pay all amounts due if the loan were to be collected on through an investment in, or sale of the business, the sale of the assets of the business, or some portion or combination thereof.
Dividend income is recorded on the ex-dividend date.
Structuring fees, excess deal deposits, prepayment fees and similar fees are recognized as Other Income as earned, usually when paid. Other fee income, including annual fees and monitoring fees are included in Other Income.
The preparation of the financial statements of Full Circle Capital in conformity with GAAP requires the Company to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts disclosed in the financial statements of Full Circle Capital. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
Current Market Conditions and Market Opportunity
We believe that the current credit environment provides favorable opportunities to achieve attractive risk-adjusted returns on the types of senior secured loans and other investments we may target. In particular, we believe that, despite an overall fall off in loan demand due to the depressed economic conditions, demand for financing from smaller to lower middle-market companies is largely outpacing the availability of lenders that have traditionally served this market. We believe that bank consolidations, the failure of a number of alternative lending vehicles due to poor underwriting practices and an overall tightening of underwriting standards has significantly reduced the number and activity level of potential lenders.
We believe there has long been a combination of demand for capital and an underserved market for capital addressing lower middle-market borrowers. We believe there is robust demand for continued growth capital as well as demand from very significant refinancing requirements of many borrowers as debt facilities come due, given the lack of willing and qualified capital providers. We believe these market conditions have been further exacerbated in the current environment due to:
- larger lenders exiting this market to focus on larger investment opportunities which are more appropriate for their operating cost structures;
- the elimination of many specialized lenders from the market due to lack of capital as a result of, for instance, the closing off of the securitization market or their own poor performance, and
- the need for certain capital providers to reduce lending activities due to their reduced access to capital and the overall deleveraging of the financial market.